Some processes that are sometimes produce fine chemicals are chemical synthesis, biotechnology, extraction, hydrolysis.
Chemical synthesis uses a process of one or more chemical reactions that change raw materials or other chemicals into a product or multiple products. Chemical synthesis has helped chemists learn the physical and biological properties of many compounds.
Biotechnology is the field of using organisms or their life processes to create technologies that make our health and our world better. There are three areas of biotechnology. These are biocatalysis, biosynthesis, and cell culture technology.
Extraction involves isolating and purifying products from animals and plants. Some of these products might be alkaloids, antibacterials, steroids, proteins hormones, and polysaccharides. These are all useful in making pharmaceuticals, foods, and cosmetics
Hydrolysis is a chemical process that uses water to break a chemical compound bond. It is used in the production of fine chemicals to break down proteins into amino acids using heat as a catalyst.
Challenges in production
Unlike bulk chemicals, fine chemicals are difficult to manufacture because they require specialist knowledge. Their chemical properties also change frequently, so there are always new developments leading to changes in raw materials and even in the methods required for the manufacturing process.
Due to chemical changes, there are many varieties on the market. This aspect also means that the manufacturing companies producing them must always remain flexible. Changes in chemistry are accelerated by the release of new drugs into markets where formulations have been changed.
The production of fine chemicals leads to the release of large amounts of waste. This means that manufacturing companies not only incur manufacturing costs but also waste disposal costs. This adds to the cost of production.
Costs associated with training and attracting the right people to produce the chemicals.
Government regulations relating to their manufacture.
Investment in safety protocols as most chemicals is produced from flammable solvents.